LOGISTICS OF THE POWER GRID
In April 2019 a truck fell in a crater while driving on the BR-230, known as the Transamazônica Road. This incident repeats itself at least once a year. The bad conditions of the road have existed since its inauguration in 1972, during the military regime in Brazil. According to the original project, an 8.000 kilometers road would cross South America, from east to west, connecting Brazil, Colombia, Peru and Ecuador. However, the road construction stopped in the middle, ending in the city center of Labrea, a small village in the middle of Amazonas state, at half of its expected length: 4.223 kilometers. Between the cities of Medicilândia e Uruará, the asphalted road ends, remaining only as earth ground without any signalization. The dust surprises drivers.
Even so, the Transamazônica remains one of the largest roads of the globe. It crosses seven states and three different ecosystems. The government declared intention with the road construction was to "integrate the national territory" and open the Amazon rainforest for agriculture settlements and economic growth. Until today, the road works as an agent of deforestation and flow of illegal extraction of timber. Part of this ends up in construction sites.
In 2018 a truck drivers strike, also known as the diesel crisis, demanded the decrease in taxes on diesel. Their strike foregrounded Brazil’s dependency on roads system, stopping the entire country.
How is material transported over territory? Who transports it?